The Ancient Massage Foundation

About Ancient Massage


Practitioner Rules

1. Study diligently the techniques and practice of massage.
2. Do not practice in public places.
3. Do not hope for any gains.
4. Do not take patients from an other doctor.
5. Do not boast about your knowledge.
6. Ask for advice and listen to people who know more than you.
7. Bring a good reputation to your school and teacher.
8. Do not give out certificates to persons who are not qualified.
9. Give thanks and appreciation every day to the Father Doctor Jivaka Kumarabhacca.

For reference, comparison and inspiration, we have included the Hippocratic oath written around 400 B.C.

Hippocratic Oath

I swear by Apollo the Physician and Asclepius and Hygieia and Panaceia and and I take to witness all the gods, all the goddesses, to keep according to my ability and my judgment, the following Oath.

To consider dear to me as my parents him who taught me this art; to live in common with him and if he is in need of money to give him a share of mine, and to look upon his children as my own brothers, to teach them this art if they so desire without fee or written promise; to impart to my sons and the sons of the master who taught me and the disciples who have enrolled themselves and have agreed to the rules of the profession, but to these alone the precepts and the instruction.

I will apply dietetic measures for the benefit of the sick according to my ability and judgment; I will keep them from harm and injustice.

I will neither give a deadly drug to anybody who asked for it, nor will I make a suggestion to this effect. Similarly I will not give to a woman an abortive remedy. In purity and holiness I will guard my life and my art.

I will not use the knife, not even on sufferers from stone, but will leave this operation to be performed by practitioners, specialists in this art.

Whatever houses I may visit, I will come for the benefit of my patients, remaining free of all intentional injustice, of all mischief and in particular of sexual relations with both female and male persons, be they free or slaves.

What I may see or hear in the course of the treatment or even outside of the treatment in regard to the life of men, which on no account one must spread abroad, I will keep secret and will never reveal.

If I fulfill this oath and do not violate it, may it be granted to me to enjoy life and art, being honored with fame among all men for all time to come; if I transgress it and swear falsely, may the opposite of all this be my lot.


Here below is an other translation of the Hippocratic Oath made by Heinrich Von Staden, "In a pure and holy way:" Personal and Professional Conduct in the Hippocratic Oath," Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 51 (1996) 406-408.

1. i. I swear

ii. by Apollo the Physician and by Asclepius and by Health and Panacea and by all the gods as well as goddesses, making them judges [witnesses],

iii. to bring the following oath and written covenant to fulfillment, in accordance with my power and my judgment;

2. i. to regard him who has taught me this art as equal to my parents, and

ii. to share, in partnership, my livelihood with him and to give him a share when he is in need of necessities, and

iii. to judge the offspring [coming] from him equal to [my] male siblings, and

iv. to teach them this art, should they desire to learn [it], without fee and written covenant, and to give a share both of rules and of lectures, and of all the rest of learning, to my sons and to the [sons] of him who has taught me and to the pupils who have both make a written contract and sworn by a medical convention but by no other.

3. i. And I will use regimens for the benefit of the ill in accordance with my ability and my judgment, but from [what is] to their harm or injustice I will keep [them].

4. i. And I will not give a drug that is deadly to anyone if asked [for it],

ii. nor will I suggest the way to such a counsel. And likewise I will not give a woman a destructive pessary.

5. i. And in a pure and holy way

ii. I will guard my life and my art.

6. i. I will not cut, and certainly not those suffering from stone, but I will cede [this] to men [who are] practitioners of this activity.

7. i. Into as many houses as I may enter, I will go for the benefit of the ill,

ii. while being far from all voluntary and destructive injustice, especially from sexual acts both upon women's bodies and upon men's, both of the free and of the slaves.

8. i. And about whatever I may see or hear in treatment, or even without treatment, in the life of human beings -- things that should not ever be blurted out outside --I will remain silent, holding such things to be unutterable [sacred, not to be divulged],

i. a. If I render this oath fulfilled, and if I do not blur and confound it [making it to no effect]

b. may it be [granted] to me to enjoy the benefits both of life and of art,

c. being held in good repute among all human beings for time eternal.

ii. a. If, however, I transgress and perjure myself,

b. the opposite of these

Written in 1964 by Louis Lasagna, Academic Dean of the School of Medicine at Tufts University, and used in many medical schools today, here bellow is an other version of the Hippocratic Oath.

I swear to fulfill, to the best of my ability and judgment, this covenant:

I will respect the hard-won scientific gains of those physicians in whose steps I walk, and gladly share such knowledge as is mine with those who are to follow.

I will apply, for the benefit of the sick, all measures which are required, avoiding those twin traps of overtreatment and therapeutic nihilism.

I will remember that there is art to medicine as well as science, and that warmth, sympathy, and understanding may outweigh the surgeon's knife or the chemist's drug.

I will not be ashamed to say "I know not," nor will I fail to call in my colleagues when the skills of another are needed for a patient's recovery.

I will respect the privacy of my patients, for their problems are not disclosed to me that the world may know. Most especially must I tread with care in matters of life and death. If it is given me to save a life, all thanks. But it may also be within my power to take a life; this awesome responsibility must be faced with great humbleness and awareness of my own frailty. Above all, I must not play at God.

I will remember that I do not treat a fever chart, a cancerous growth, but a sick human being, whose illness may affect the person's family and economic stability. My responsibility includes these related problems, if I am to care adequately for the sick.

I will prevent disease whenever I can, for prevention is preferable to cure.

I will remember that I remain a member of society, with special obligations to all my fellow human beings, those sound of mind and body as well as the infirm.

If I do not violate this oath, may I enjoy life and art, respected while I live and remembered with affection thereafter. May I always act so as to preserve the finest traditions of my calling and may I long experience the joy of healing those who seek my help.


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